Bonsai Kapilaas
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Aug 17, 2019

How to make a Jin on Boxus Bonsai

This Boxus Plant was chosen to make it in to Bonsai because of its trunk line structure and heaviness of the branches, after seeing its beauty thought of making one of the branches in to jin one of the branch selected and made into jin after removing the bark and branch was wired to give a curve shape, Other branches were also wired, given a shape to the plant. For almost One year plant is allowed to grow, only cutting and pruning was done, But due to heavy summer this year plant was effected and most of the branches were dried out. Felt so bad and shifted the plant to another place, it started growing again, but some of the branches dried out. then thought of making dried branches into jin. then the plant totally changed in to another beautiful style , I would like to share my Bonsai plant reformation with all my Bonsai friends.
During  workshop plant is given a shape.


For one year plant is kept at one place , then we shocked to see the dry branches on the plant. all most all the branches were dead , only main trunk line is healthy. taking the advantage of dry branches, started jinning . Jin and shari are dry branches on Bonsai. jinning is removing the bark of the branch and it will be given a shape. When bark of main trunk of Bonsai is removed is it called shari. Shari and Jin give a different matured look to Bonsai. Artistic creation of Jin and Shari makes the plant more aged look and it makes the Bonsai more beautiful. to make Jin we need some tools like sharp knife, jinning scissors , sand paper , concave cutter or knob cutter.

First clean the main trunk line of the plant and decision to be taken which branches are to be made into Jin. once you decide start removing the bark of the dried breaches. and branches are are exposed , one can see the smooth surface of the branch.

  Here main trunk line is cleaned by removing the unwanted branches. It gives a great look to the trunk line.

Clean the branch by removing dried secondary branches. then remove the bark with sharp knife.

Most of the branches were made into Jin branches

Plant is having good surface roots , some of the roots selected and other roots were trimmed down.

Then the plant is placed in Bonsai pot with having a new style.
Each step of jinning is expalined in the below link.

Making Jin Of Bonsai Plant explained step by step in the following Link
Jinning on Boxus Bonsai

Aug 15, 2019

How to make Nursery Plant making into Bunjin / Literati style

Literati / Bujin style of  trees can be seen in Nanga paintings. 

     Bunjin or Literati style is a unique style in nature. It is a beautiful form Nature. These types of trees we will find in dense forests. because of plants growing near to one another space between trees is reduced and, lack of sunlight makes the trees grow taller in search of light, that makes the plant taller and taller and only the top portion branches. Main trunk line movement will depend on the space available between the trees. As the tree grows towards sunlight the older branches of the trunk line die because of less scope for further growth and dense trees blocks sunlight. Nature gives the tree a magnificent look with many elegant curves. Below image shows growth of trees in dense forests.

Some trees growing on hilly area  and on mountains represent Literati style. 

                      Some native trees growing on Hilly area are also look like Bunjin style because of effect of extreme weather, like drought, high temperature which makes the tree survival of the fittest. Nature gives the tree a graceful look with forceful curves and twists. Main trunk line which is affected with drastic   changes of nature will be dried and gives the tree a stunning look with open trunk line.      

                      Literati style is like a poem written by literate or scholar in which first line of the poem is beautiful , second is more beautiful,third is most beautiful, last line of the poem is extremely beautiful, means each curve of the tree is beautiful, as it is twisted and goes up beauty of the tree increases with more twists, gives the tree graceful and artistic style called as Bunjin  or Literati style.  
The main character of Literati style three thirds of the tree will not be having any greenery or branches. Most of the trunk like will have shari. Shari is removing the bark of the tree on one side to show as is the tree is exposed to extreme conditions of the weather on high mountains. Branches on the main trunk line will be removed, or otherwise they will be made in to jin. Jin is removing bark of the branch on one side. the main trunk line will be wrapped with wrapping tape, this tape protects the bark while twisting the trunk line. Any small split or breaks formed on trunk line while twisting is protected by the tape and will heal on its own. Then wiring on the trunk line will be done. Then slowly trunk will be twisted and given a shape in to Literati style. How to Make Shari and Jin will be shown in coming blogs.

                   Before Making in to Bonsai                                Literati / Bunjin style 

                                         Other Bonsais of Bunjin style are shown here.

Here is the link to watch Video

How to make Bonsai Literati style step by step for bonsai beginners explained


May 2, 2019

Technique in pruning bonsai trees

A Bonsai plant becomes a Beautiful Bonsai tree by proper pruning ,cutting and shaping. Bonsai shaping is like artist giving a character to the plant. Importance of pruning is giving a style to the Bonsai tree. In Bonsai art Many styles are given by Bonsai Masters, each style is a replica of huge trees growing in nature. For a Bonsai artist it is essential to understand basic styles, to train and maintain a bonsai tree.
Pruning is main important procedure in Bonsai. The growth and shape of the plant depends on how you are doing pruning, where you make a cut is more important to the growth of the future Bonsai plant. If you are asking for basic technique just cutting the plant branch and leaves superficially and giving a shape like umbrella is easy. just remove the unwanted branches at the base of the main stem , leaving top and giving a shape is basic pruning. if you want a style to the plant then you have to follow some steps.
Below are the images of Basic styling of a Bonsai plant

Bonsai always represents minimalist approach to the life just like Zen Buddhism, it express peace, harmony, balance of nature , its a true replica of a tree in miniature form. significantly most of the Bonsai trees will be in pyramid shape because just like pyramid it collects energy from universe and spreads around in to the atmosphere.
In Bonsai Art selection of branches is the key for shaping and styling a plant, depending on the thickness of the trunk primary branch will be selected, it should be little thinner in diameter when compared to the trunk. secondary branch more thinner than primary one. Branch selection should be like that they spread in all directions like,on right side one branch, left another or vice-versa, back another branch, as we go up branching will be in spiral form on the trunk line. always primary branch will be little longer and thicker than secondary branch. secondary branch will be longer than third branch. Here we are flowing the styling of branches as if in nature. As the tree it starts giving branches, older branches at the base of trunk line will be thicker As we go up to the top we will see slim branches at top of the plant. Before cutting down the branches put a white sheet behind the branch, one can see clearly the flow of the trunk line and the branch. If any branch to be removed cover that branch and observe the other branches. As john Naka said three " H " are very important one is Head to think about the future shape of the plant, second is Heart to cut the branch gently and third H is Hand which follows the instructions of the other two.

Giving proper shape to a Bonsai plant is most important chapter in Bonsai Art. All Bonsai lovers will think of having a beautiful Bonsai. Beauty to comes to the plant through correct training and pruning methods. They have significant role in giving a pleasing look to a Bonsai plant.
Training a Bonsai tree is Cutting at correct place that is node of the plant where the leaf starts growing. Knowing about function of the node is more important before making a cut on a Bonsai plant. All plants have nodes and inter nodes. Nodes and inter nodes are important parts of Plant Biology. Appropriate growth of Bonsai plant dependents on correct cut at a proper node of the plant. Without nodes, the plant cannot develop leaves or branches.