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Jan 22, 2021

 Forest style in Bonsai is a group of plants potted is a shallow bonsai  pot in Natural way as if they are growing in a forest. Forest in Japanese language called as Yose-ue. It is also called as group planting. Usually in forest a group of plants placed together. there is a difference between forest and Land scaping. landscaping is also called Saikei, in china it is called as Penzing. Penzing means these will be different plants like grasses , ferns, stones , river, houses, temples and figurines will be placed along with Plants to show it as a natural land scaping. Saikei is also Group planting.

In group planting mostly same species of plants are used. Number of plants is not make any difference, for the beginner odd number of plants like 3 ,5,7  gives a realistic look of a forest. Some forests made  by Bonsai masters contains plants more than 100.  To give forest a pleasant look Placement of plants in different angles, different heights is more important. Penzing can be made in oval or rectangular shape pots or in flat trays or on rocks.

World's best Forest style is Goshin meaning protector of spirits  made by John Naka with eleven  Foemina junipers , each plant represents his eleven grand children. Grand Master John Naka of Bonsai Art donated it to National bonsai Museum in Washington DC in USA in 1984. Goshin is taking care by other Bonsai masters. It represents Grand masters great treasure of all the times.

Forest style can be start from seedings also. we can start with tamarind, put tamarind seeds in seeding tray with soil and cocopeat let them start growing. let them grow for six months in tray and shift them to big garden bags. Start training the plants in to individual Bonsais. Once the plant attains some age and style shift the plants into a shallow tray as a group and arrange them and place them in forest style.

Another way of making plants ready forest is from branch cuttings. Take a branches of a trees of the same species and apply root all hormone on cut branches and put them in soil and allow them to grow. Then these branches grow in to individual plants. These plants can make a good forest material. like ficus retusa , jade,  ficus microcarpa, juniper, are some of the easy growing varieties that can be grown from branches, can be made as good forest material.

Once we select plants for making Bonsai forest, next step will be shaping and styling of each plant as individual bonsai. Select the branches and by Wire them and let them grow. Before placing them in a tray or Bonsai pot have a idea how to place them. First draw on a paper how, you are placing the plants that gives an clear idea and view of forest style or Penzing.

For Penzing I have taken a cement stone has selected, it is like a block like that is light weight. I selected light weight. Cement stone can be carved easily with drilling machine. There is a link shared how we can do drilling on cement stone to make it as Bonsai pot. 

This link shared below is carving of a cement stone

https://youtu.be/Rdu_OjProeg

Final product 

The plants are selected for saikei are Juniperous chinensis. They are selected and are given a training  


These plants are going to be placed in oval shape pot with the rock.
The placement of plants in more important, usually in group planting more than three plants will be taken. In Traditional style of group plants odd number of plants like, 3,5,7,....49...are taken by Bonsai masters. But now tradition has changed. In nature we wont count the number of tree we see only how they are arranged, how these trees enhances the beauty of that land scape place a main role.

will continue ........






Dec 17, 2020

Drift wood Bonsai, Tanuki Bonsai style making step by step

Drift style Bonsai is beautiful one. usually Bonsai artists feel like having a Matured Bonsai. Its very difficult for every one to collect plants from wild. It is also called Bonsai dead wood technique.  In Nature when a tree becomes old it falls off. All soft things like leaves and small branches will decay and Main trunk line stays if the tree has character of hard wood. Hard wood stays as it is when any seeds falls on it in rainy season, they develop in to plants . As they grow big they look like these plants are a part of that drift wood. 
Driftwood formation on plants in nature takes because of many nature effects like cyclone and storm. Age makes lots of changes on the trunk line of the trees. Mostly  On coniferous we can observe lots of changes on the trunk line and branches, they become dry with snow storm and stay on the tree because of hard wood.  Only mature plants survive during this snow storm time, and this effect gives a advanced  look of the tree that is called as Jin and shari. Dead wood of plant gives a personality to the plant depends on the area where it is formed . Depending on it each type of  Deadwood formation has its own name. Before going to make drift wood Bonsai let us know the different styles.
Uro 
The most tropical plants deciduous trees have soft wood. because of softness wood decays with weather on these ficus plants. In Drift wood style if  decay takes place at the base of trunk of a tree , there will be a hallow and it is called Uro. These hollows are desirable shelters for many animals in forests.
This Uro is formed naturally and gives a great look to the trees. we can create on our Bonsai plants to give a mature look to Bonsai. To create a hollow on Bonsai first we can a mark on at the base and with a sharp knife remove bark and  and some soft wood and leave it. Slowly becomes hollow and gives a natural cave look to Bonsai.
                    
       Naturally formed Uro                         Uro in formation on a Bonsai plant

As we discussed If Drift wood is in the form of hollow on the trunk , it is called as Uro. Usually it happens on broad leaf plants like banian and peepal like species .
Shari
Shari happens on the trees when the bark was damaged and peeled off by natural calamities like storms and snow storms or lightening. Shari naturally wont happen on soft wood plants. When bark was peed off, there can be damage to the trunk line and entire plant can be die back.

                                                                              Naturally formed Shari               Shari On a Bonsai plant 



       
Jin 
Jin is the formation dried branch on a tree. Jin Naturally happens when thunder drops on the plant and the thunder burns out  branches but some branches stands tall on the plant because of its hard wood , Hard wood is formed in Angiosperm plants because it contains plenty of woody fibers called trochoids which are dead long tubular Xylem cells provide mechanical support to the plant in water transportation in the entire plant.
 
Jin making on Chinese box wood plant, it is also called as Boxus. one of the good plant for making shari and Jin. Jin is the one when bark is removed from branch it is called as Jin. Here is you can see white coloured branches, these are the Jin formations.
               
Step by step making of Making Jin and shari on Boxus Bonsai Tree
Video of making Jin on a Bonsai plant

Sharamiki
Plants are growing on drift wood . It will be sharamiki. this type of ancient wood we will find it near oceans , the large amount of wood is weathered and died but it has some veins and that encourages growth and life starts plant starts giving new leaves.


Sabamiki 
These lines on ancient tree developed by lighting.  and called as Sabamiki. In Bonsai Art sabamiki is created carving main trunk line of Bonsai tree with wood carving tools.
Sabamiki can be created on a Bonsai tree By Bonsai artist. The Bonsai plant gets a beautiful look with these curves made on main trunk line and the age of the plant advances and it enhances the Bonsai with ancient look.

  
Natural Formation         Bonsai artist's creation of Sabamiki

Creating Sabamiki shown step by step 
 

  

Tanuki style of Bonsai. In Japan drift style is Tanuki, In west it is called as phoenix graft and in Europe it is called as wrap around. usually some Bonsai artists say it is cheating Bonsai because The actual front view is not real it belongs to driftwood, the drift wood is enhancing the entire Bonsai as a fully grown Bonsai. 
In Tanuki style Plant is Placed along with drift wood , Some times a channel to be carved on wood with a drilling machine or Dremel.

 
      
When we observe  here on back side of the drift there was  a canal or channel made by carving tools and drilling machine. and the plant is fixed into the channel . From front side , it looks like  the plant and the branches appear as if they are originating from  drift wood. 
Here one can see clearly , how plant is fully merged with drift wood. This is also called as Driftwood or tanuki Style.
Creating shari, jin, Uro or tanuki needs some experience. otherwise  damage can be happen to Bonsai which cant be irreversible. We need different jining tools drilling machine or Dremel and wood carving tools.



Another style drift wood style is Tanuki . Here Dead wood is added to a live Bonsai plant. Tanuki is also one of the creations of Bonsai , most of the Bonsai masters are creating wonderful Tanuki style.
Here I am giving step by step to create a Driftwood style Bonsai. 



Original Drift wood. This was bought from a aquarium shop. Best drift wood is chola wood, Malaysian wood, Manzanita wood, Azalea wood, Mesquite wood etc.. all these are hard wood. there wont be any damage to the wood  when they come in contact with water. This wood will be with the plant for many years . after selecting  wood clean and remove unwanted and disturbing dried brances, Then we apply sulphur lime to protect the wood.  
                                           Cleaned drift wood 

China Box plant Buxus is selected to place Drift wood. Wiring is done on the plant and is ready for styling.


Step by Step creation of tanuki is explained in this Video 

Final Design of the Plant




















Nov 14, 2020

Giving proper shape to a Bonsai plant

 Giving proper shape to a Bonsai plant is most important chapter in Bonsai Art. All Bonsai lovers will think of having a beautiful Bonsai. Beauty to comes to the plant through correct training and pruning methods. They have significant role in giving a pleasing look to a Bonsai plant.  

Training a Bonsai tree is giving a correct cut at correct place that is node of the plant where the leaf starts growing.  Knowing about  function of  the node is more important before making a cut on a Bonsai plant. All plants have nodes and inter nodes. Nodes and inter nodes are important parts of Plant Biology. Without nodes, the plant cannot develop leaves or branches. Even hardwood deciduous trees like Oaks, with life spans of more than 5000 years, and annuals and perennials of herbaceous plants, have nodes and inter nodes. 
more at ......
https://www.kapilaas.com/2019/03/how-i-shape-bonsai-plant.html

Oct 16, 2020

Home Made Insecticides for our Bonsai Plants.

Dear friends, now the weather is changing . It is going to be winter now in the next few months that is December and January. There are many chances of insects and flies attacking the plants. We have to keep our plants away from insects. today we speak about common insects which attack our Bonsai plants.

Small home remedies for our small Bonsai gardens makes a lot of difference to keep all the pests away and our Bonsai will  be Happy with a big smile.


Many of our friends are having Ficus nuda/ benjamina as a bonsai.First we will see the insects that attack our ficus plant. The most common insect which attacks the leaves of this plant is thrips. It is transparent. This insect attacks the new leaves of the plant, then the leaves of the plant will be sticky and will be folded inside.


If leave them like tat it effects the entire plant and plant can die back completely. First and foremost thing is to remove infected leaves  and branches.

To get rid off these thrips spray insecticide oil or the smell of lasun (Garlic) juice made from grinded lasun cloves keep these insects away from the leaves, they cant survive. This juice can be sprayed above the leaves and below the leaves twice in a week  for two weeks depending on the spread of the disease and to be controlled completely.
Second option is neem oil insecticide. This can be used in dilute quantity when we are using for the first time. check the plant response by spraying only on infected areas not on complete plant, if the plant is responding well after one week, second time spray can be done. we can continue till the bugs can disappeared from the plant. Neem oil insecticide can be made by mixing one table spoon neem oil , half table spoon mild liquid detergent mix them in one liter water and spray it on the leaves and below the leaves.


Second one insect is White flies and mealy bugs, they look like cotton balls spreading mostly at the nodes of the leaves and below the leaves. But White flies. Mealy bugs stays on plant .  They Mostly attacks fruiting and flowering plants and sucks juice from the plant. and the plant becomes weak. One more danger is if ants are there on the plant they start spreading white flies on the entire plant.

White Flies     

The best remedy is mild liquid detergent .water. When we spray on it, the outer body of the insect which white fluffy like a cotton ball will be damaged with soap water. The insect becomes dehydrated and dies because of soap water. First clean white flies affected area of the plant with a brush. and spray soap water twice in a week.

Red spider is very minute and hosts underneath the leaves and destroys the leaves by sucking juice leaf and mostly chlorophyll. 

  Red Spider

The first Home remedy is separate the plant and give a bath to the plant like jet spray and remove topsoil and fill with fresh garden soil. They lay eggs in soil, that is the reason we have to remove top soil and fill with fresh soil Then spray neem oil mixed with water. Neem oil prevents the insect eggs  from maturing and it closes the breathing holes of the spider and makes them die..
Some other homemade pesticides are take neem leaves, adarak and lasun mix them in grider and spray juice on the leaves of the plants and below the leaves. twice in a week. it helps the plant to keep away most of the insects.
Still some crawling insects and some fugus are there , we can talk about them in next chapter. we follow these methods nothing can damage our Bonsai plant.


Normal other Home made insecticides are water made with turmeric powder or spraying pepper powder also keeps all the bugs beyond our Bonsai plants.
Happy Bonsai Growing.