Bonsai Kapilaas
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Aug 31, 2019

Peepal Tree as Bonsai

Peepal is called as ASHWATHA in sanskrit. It can be also called as Pippala, peepal peepul.It is considered as a holy tree. This is a native tree of India, held sacred by the Buddhists, who believe that Gautama Buddha received enlightenment under a Bo tree at Bodh Gaya. The botanical classification of this tree is:Family:  Moraceae.
Scientific name is- Ficus religiosa.


Aswatha is a fast-growing species. It is a large deciduous tree. In about 50 years it matures to a height of about 15 meters, with  
dense umbrella like crown about 10 to 15 m in spread. Peepal grows profusely and abundantly in and around any openings, inhabited plots, and grow as an epiphyte on other trees and then when the host-tree dies, they establish on the soil. The bark of peepal is grayish white in colour. The bark secretes a kind of milk like latex which dries into a kind of jelly having considerable medical utility. In fact, all parts of the tree have medicinal value.
The leaves of peepal are alternate, orbicular to ovate, like pan leaves. These are reddish when young. Subsequently these are somewhat coriaceous, shining above and dull green below, they hang from long, flexible petioles and rustle in the slightest breeze. Individual leaf is about 10 to 15 cm in diameter. The species sheds its leaves during autumn. New leaves sprout in February-March. Peepal bears small dark purple hardly visible flowers during February-March. The fruit is purple in colour, globule in shape and nearly 4 to 5 mm in diameter, appear during March-April. These are sweet in taste.
However, peepal seedlings can be raised from seed. and also the cuttings in well-worked soil can propagate the species. Peepal trees are wonderful and very versatile plants, beautiful to look at during any season of the year. Tolerating a wide range of soil conditions and a certain degree of drought, Peepal trees add permanence to the garden landscape as they maintain their foliage color throughout summer and winter. Foliage color change within the same plant vary a little, depending upon season.
In general, peepal are the trees which are easy to grow. Usually they should be grown in free-draining soil, and do well in poor or impoverished soils. They do not like boggy or water-logged soils.  Their native habitats are often rocky or mountainous in nature, and they look particularly good in such settings in a garden

They can be grown well from the cuttings of 5 to 6 cm in length in mixture sand and peat. They generally enjoy full sun and good drainage. During summer droughts they withstand heat and dry conditions much better than other plants. 
These plants give compact new growth with regular pinching of the new leaves once in three months and this encourages the plant a bushy growth. Repotting should be done during growing season preferably every second year for a full-grown plant or when the pot is root bound. After the repotting, don’t allow the soil to completely dry. And one more important thing is that, keep the plant in shade, or in semi shade at least for one month. Regular Watering is important, and allow the soil to dry out completely in between watering.
Regular fertilizing makes the plant look beautiful. Spray the foliage at once in a month with liquid fertilizers, generally neem based. Fertilize the soil once in a month with sufala or bone meal in very little quantities just like half a tea spoon. Before fertilizing the plants wet the plant fully and put the fertilizer in the soil and again water the soil a little bit. Regular spraying of fertilizes keeps the plant hale and healthy.

Aug 17, 2019

How to make a Jin on Boxus Bonsai

JIN is the creation of Dead wood on a Bonsai tree. Usually when natural disaster like lighting or heavy winds or drought happens some of the branches dry off and it shows struggle for survive of the plant. Some of the branches dries off because of  natural calamity and entire branch will be died making that branch  as a Jinned branch. Jin gives a aged personality to the plant. Below is a photo of Naturally formed jin on a plant.

Here we would like to show beginners in detail step by step with videos How to make Jin on a Bonsai Plant. 
This Boxus Plant was chosen to make it in to Bonsai because of its trunk line structure and heaviness of the branches, after seeing its beauty thought of making one of the branches in to jin one of the branch selected and made into jin after removing the bark and branch was wired to give a curve shape, Other branches were also wired, given a shape to the plant. For almost One year plant is allowed to grow, only cutting and pruning was done, But due to heavy summer this year plant was effected and most of the branches were dried out. Felt so bad and shifted the plant to another place, it started growing again, but some of the branches dried out. then thought of making dried branches into jin. then the plant totally changed in to another beautiful style , I would like to share my Bonsai plant reformation with all my Bonsai friends.
During  workshop plant is given a shape.


For one year plant is kept at one place , then we shocked to see the dry branches on the plant. all most all the branches were dead , only main trunk line is healthy. taking the advantage of dry branches, started jinning . Jin and shari are dry branches on Bonsai. jinning is removing the bark of the branch and it will be given a shape. When bark of main trunk of Bonsai is removed is it called shari. Shari and Jin give a different matured look to Bonsai. Artistic creation of Jin and Shari makes the plant more aged look and it makes the Bonsai more beautiful. to make Jin we need some tools like sharp knife, jinning scissors , sand paper , concave cutter or knob cutter.

First clean the main trunk line of the plant and decision to be taken which branches are to be made into Jin. once you decide start removing the bark of the dried breaches. and branches are are exposed , one can see the smooth surface of the branch.

  Here main trunk line is cleaned by removing the unwanted branches. It gives a great look to the trunk line.

Clean the branch by removing dried secondary branches. then remove the bark with sharp knife.

Most of the branches were made into Jin branches

Plant is having good surface roots , some of the roots selected and other roots were trimmed down.

       Finished Bonsai with Jin                         Natural Jin formation on a tree
Then the plant is placed in Bonsai pot with having a new style.
Each step of jinning is expalined in the below link.

Making Jin Of Bonsai Plant explained step by step in the following Link
Jinning on Boxus Bonsai

Aug 15, 2019

How to make Nursery Plant into Bunjin / Literati style

Literati / Bujin style of  trees can be seen in Nanga paintings. 

     Bunjin or Literati style is a unique style in nature. It is a beautiful form Nature. These types of trees we will find in dense forests. because of plants growing near to one another space between trees is reduced and, lack of sunlight makes the trees grow taller in search of light, that makes the plant taller and taller and only the top portion branches. Main trunk line movement will depend on the space available between the trees. As the tree grows towards sunlight the older branches of the trunk line die because of less scope for further growth and dense trees blocks sunlight. Nature gives the tree a magnificent look with many elegant curves. Below image shows growth of trees in dense forests.

Some trees growing on hilly area  and on mountains represent Literati style. 

                      Some native trees growing on Hilly area are also look like Bunjin style because of effect of extreme weather, like drought, high temperature which makes the tree survival of the fittest. Nature gives the tree a graceful look with forceful curves and twists. Main trunk line which is affected with drastic   changes of nature will be dried and gives the tree a stunning look with open trunk line.      

                      Literati style is like a poem written by literate or scholar in which first line of the poem is beautiful , second is more beautiful,third is most beautiful, last line of the poem is extremely beautiful, means each curve of the tree is beautiful, as it is twisted and goes up beauty of the tree increases with more twists, gives the tree graceful and artistic style called as Bunjin  or Literati style.  
The main character of Literati style three thirds of the tree will not be having any greenery or branches. Most of the trunk like will have shari. Shari is removing the bark of the tree on one side to show as is the tree is exposed to extreme conditions of the weather on high mountains. Branches on the main trunk line will be removed, or otherwise they will be made in to jin. Jin is removing bark of the branch on one side. the main trunk line will be wrapped with wrapping tape, this tape protects the bark while twisting the trunk line. Any small split or breaks formed on trunk line while twisting is protected by the tape and will heal on its own. Then wiring on the trunk line will be done. Then slowly trunk will be twisted and given a shape in to Literati style. How to Make Shari and Jin will be shown in coming blogs.

                   Before Making in to Bonsai                                Literati / Bunjin style 

                                         Other Bonsais of Bunjin style are shown here.

Here is the link to watch Video

How to make Bonsai Literati style step by step for bonsai beginners explained