Bonsai Kapilaas
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Mar 29, 2019

Correct Cut While shaping a Bonsai plant



Giving proper shape to a Bonsai plant is most important chapter in Bonsai Art. All Bonsai lovers will think of having a beautiful Bonsai. Beauty to comes to the plant through correct training and pruning methods. They have significant role in giving a pleasing look to a Bonsai plant.  
Training a Bonsai tree is Cutting at correct place that is node of the plant where the leaf starts growing.  Knowing about  function of  the node is more important before making a cut on a Bonsai plant. All plants have nodes and inter nodes. Nodes and inter nodes are important parts of Plant Biology.  Appropriate growth of Bonsai plant  dependents on correct cut at a proper node of the plant.   Without nodes, the plant cannot develop leaves or branches. Even hardwood deciduous trees like Oaks, with life spans of more than 5000 years, and annuals and perennials of herbaceous plants, have nodes and inter nodes. 




Below photo shows nodes and Inter nodes of a plant. Here the space between two consecutive nodes  more. Most of the plants have long inter nodes, i.e, here in below picture the space between two consecutive nodes is considerable.


     
The difference species of plants have different inter nodal spaces. The Space between Two consecutive nodes that is between two leaves is very less in below photographs. These plant are having very less inter nodal space.

Nodes are the important functional part of a plant where leaves, branches, flowers, fruits, and aerial roots originate on the stem. Nodes are responsible for proper propagation of the plant. 

Always New branches and flowers will rise from the node of the plant. Below first photo shows growing of a branch from the node above the leaf.


In Second photo it is clearly visible of growth of a flower from the node of a plant. There are Axillary buds at nodes of the leaf. they develop in to flowers and branches. 

When pruning a Bonsai plant or any plant, a cut should only be made above the node, so regrowth of the plant will be proper. It will then be able to grow new leaves and branches from the lower portion a stem of the plant. In Bonsai, conventional method of cutting and pruning is always above the node of a leaf of a stem. To maintain height of a Bonsai plant remove the top bud , then the axillary buds becomes active and many new branches will develops from the leaf axil. Allow the new branches to develop 6 to eight pars of leaves, then remove the top bud of the branch, then there new branches will develop on the primary branch. The plant will have a bushy growth with many branches.

Bonsai plants are replica of miniature form of  tree growing in nature. Any time height of the Bonsai plant will remain small when compared to the huge trees growing in nature. Shohin or mame or small Bonsai, the plant looks prettier with having lower branches at the base of the stem. Training a Bonsai plant is more like a art. For having more branches at the base of the trunk line is to make a cut above the leaf as shown in the picture. The photo explains if  a cut made above the leaf , lower branch becomes active , and chances of getting more branches at the lower level of the Bonsai tree are more.


             
             
                            This video explains how to make cut above the leaf .

                    

Inter node is the part or space between two consecutive nodes. Inter nodes carry water, hormones, nutrients from one node to the other.  Any cut made at inter node make the portion of the stem to die back .
                           
However, in some plants like dwarf conifers, evergreens, pinus taeda,Bald cypress,Norwey spruce,Thuja occidentalis,Yew, and Boxwood,inter nodes are shorter, which makes the leaves more dense. These plants can be made into ornamental shapes ( art of Topiary) by clipping or by pruning. These plants are also can be made in to Bonsai plants because of their shorter nodes,  they look so beautiful with dense foliage.

Leaves with shorter inter nodes                Pine plant under training
     
The response of Bonsai plant is very important after cutting and Pruning. In some instances if proper cut is not made at right place there are chances of survival of the plant becomes less. My advice is to study the nature and species of the plant, and observe the proper technique and cut above the node, before considering to decapitating for trunk taper or not.
Bonsai  became a Art , it is once imagination and creativity makes the plant Stand tall with its beauty among other plants.
Mr. Masahiko Kimura is a great Bonsai artist from japan, he is also called magician of Bonsai because his creations are like just painters brush stokes  which gives a wonderful look to Bonsai plants.  He revolutionized the Art of Bonsai from traditional way of training in to modern Contemporary Art.

Mar 20, 2019

How to Fertilize a Bonsai plant



Fertilizers for Tropical Bonsai plants
Information of fertilizers for our Bonsai plants,
Generally all plants needs fertilizer when they are growing in pots. Potted plants have confined soil with limited nutrients. It is advisable for proper growth of a plant. Plant needs organic and inorganic fertilizers for overall growth of the plant.
Organic fertilizers like completely dried cow dung , sheng kath means excreta of animals like sheep , goat, bonemeal , kitchen waste made in to fertilizer, neem cake, neem seed cake it also acts as fertilizer and pesticide .Organic fertilizers are without any chemicals and are natural. These organic fertilizers are used in once in three months.Organic fertilizers take a little more time to mix it into the soil., the best way is to fertilize is in the morning or in the evening, first water the plant and take out top soil, put the fertilizer,cover the fertilizer with soil and  water the plant again. Fertilize the plant on regularly, maintain a calendar, and you can see the difference.

Dont fertilize a freshly re potted plant, wait for two months let the plant settle and start fertilizing the plant.
Liquid fertilizers are chemical fertilizers which can be absorbed by the plant instantly. they contain micro nutrients. Plants  require minor elements which are also called as micro elements such as calcium, sulphor, magnesium, along with trace elements such as zinc, copper, manganese, iron, chlorine etc. All these nutrients are available in liquid fertilizers. Regular course of feeding the plants with micro nutrients is once in a month. these liquid fertilizers are mixed 1 ml in one liter of water  and will be sprayed it on the plant. 
One more chemical in - organic fertilizer is to be used in powder form is super mix it is the combination of potassium and other micro nutrients, these elements are to be provided to the soil regularly for proper yield.. Potassium mainly contributes to the plant for  proper growth of fruits and flowers.This super mix to be used once in a month to the soil in very little quantities like half tea spoon. First give a shower to the plant. feeding of fertilizer depends on the size of the pot. if the pot is small with 6 to 14 inches half tea spoon is enough. if the pot is big more than tree feet then it needs one teaspoon.


Ficus  plants grow well in  sunlight but not as much as Bougainvillea,the hot summer sun burns the leaves of the plant . They need fertilizers like nitrogen which are water soluble, Example Ujjala or  suphala can be used . Suphala  ( start with little doses ) and neem cake are the best combination for ficus plant because neem cake avoids loosing of nitrogen in the soil and it improves its efficiency. Suphala and  neem cake can be used alternatively, watering the plant before and  after fertilizing is very important.
Bougainvilleas are the beautiful among flowering bonsais , they need lees or dont need wiring , they love lots of hot sun and well drained soil,These plants need some dryness in between watering , they bloom  twice in a year during march and September because they bloom well when the night and day lengths are equal. they need lots of fertilizers like micronutrients and organic fertilizers like completly dried cow dung , sheng kath means excreta of animals like sheep , goat, bonemeal , kitchen waste made in to fertalizer, neem cake, neem seed cake it also acts as fertilizer and pesticide , as bougainvillea plant prefers little acidic soil. The best way is you can buy a bio fertilizer from a shop or neem cake or neem seed cake are best. once in a month provide the plant with fertalizer, you can choose two types of organic fertilizers and alternative you can use them.
for example this month if you are using neem cake , next month you can use other like bone meal or any other fertilizer  like cowdung etc...
Schefflera doesn't need that much ferlalizer, once in 3 to 4 months is enough for the plant. This plant needs only morning or evening sun light and right amount of water .



Mar 10, 2019

Bonsai Art for Beginners



Bonsai is an art, Enthusiasm to learn, creativity to style a plant, makes you a great Bonsai artist. it is a live art. One can start Bonsai making by attending Bonsai classes regularly near by area where you are staying . That is the way one to one coaching will be there , your master will teach you with hands on experience. so your plants will be in safe hands. if any thing goes wrong with the plant master will be there to guide you properly.
Another way of learning Bonsai is by watching videos of Bonsai. This way is trail and error method. sometimes you will be successful by making a Bonsai plant, other times you lost some plants.
One more method is attending on line classes, that is master will be on other side of tv and you will be watching his Bonsai making live class, here one can talk with the masters and interaction will be there, your questions will be answered.
One can make Bonsai by reading books, and can start making your own Bonsai.
By attending Bonsai exhibitions and having discussions with Bonsai people also helps to get some knowledge in Bonsai making.
Bonsai is nothing but it is replica of nature, When you are looking at Bonsai plant it should look like huge tree growing in shallow container in a miniature form.
Bonsai Plant making is pioneering in to the Art of Bonsai, This art needs lots of concentration, patience. Many Years of rapport with the Bonsai plant gives a beautiful matured Bonsai. To make good looking Bonsai, it needs years of training like pruning, wiring, shaping.
You can follow my blog how to make a bonsai plant.

A Bonsai after many years of training              Ficus Bonsai Under training              

Links for Bonsai Making Blogs

Bonsai Plant making

Styling a Bonsai

                       



Mar 8, 2019

Easy and Fast Growing Bonsai



What plant is good for growing easy and fast Bonsai trees?

This  question asked in Quora.com by a bonsai artist. 

The hard, fast and easy growing plant is Ficus benjamina. There are more than 150 varieties of Ficus trees are available in nature.  Most of the varieties are hard and easy growing. Most of the Ficus plants can grow up to 100 ft and these trees have life span more than 100 yrs.
Ficus is a Ficus plant can be shaped into any style and this plant responds well for styling by developing new branches and giving the plant a fully developed  tree like appearance. It can be grown from cuttings. that gives ficus bonsai a aged old look in a short time.The trunk line of this plant becomes thick in short time when compared to other plants


For beginners, who are new to Bonsai art Ficus is good variety to grow as a Bonsai tree, some varieties of Ficus plants can give falls or aerial roots which gives a mature look to the Bonsai plant, Ficus is a hard plant stands well for cutting, pruning and root cutting. 
It can tolerate little dryness in between watering.  Small size leaf plants like Ficus nuda, Ficus retusa, Ficus microcarpa are good for growing them in to mame or shohin ( small )Bonsai. One main character is size of the leaf reduces fast when ficus made in to a Bonsai plant. Ficus plant can be grown in fast draining with good garden soil mixture. This plant doesn't need high nutrient organic soil. 


Ficus plants can be grown from seeds, cuttings. 
They can be grown as indoor and out door plants also. When they are growing as indoor plants  proper lighting  arrangement is most important to plant to grow healthy.  Regular fertilizing helps the plant to grow properly and quickly. Well drained soil is important for its healthy growth of ficus plant.
Having Umbrella shaped Ficus Bonsai with lots of aerial roots with good  root system showing over the soil with a sitting Budha underneath the tree is a dream for Bonsai artist. 
Any time Bonsai art needs Lots of patience and interest towards the plants. It is not an one day art, It is a live art. Days, months and years of rapport with the plant makes that plant into a Beautiful Bonsai tree. As Great Grand Bonsai master John Naka Says "The Object of Making Bonsai not to look like a Bonsai, but to make Bonsai look like a tree".
Another link for Ficus growing from cuttings  :  Ficus from cuttings