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Feb 11, 2019

Taking care of Bonsai Plants During Spring Season

In Winter  that is December and January the plants growth is slow. Tropical plants still have little growth when compared to temperate countries where growth is totally stopped and plants will go into dormant stage. Now winter is going to end and spring is starting.It is the best  season for growth of the plants. They give many fresh leaves, new branches.

This is the season for cutting, shaping, pinching and re potting of plants. Plants need more fertilizer during this season.
In juniper and in pine plants the pinching of leaves allows rapid growth in during this season.
Cutting pruning and wiring of Ficus plants in  can be done during these months, this allows the plant to create a new style and rapid growth.
Cutting and shaping a Bonsai Plant :
The straight growing plant can be given a cut to reduce the height of the plant. The new top growing buds can be removed, when growth is stopped at the top the plant the buds at the bottoms becomes active. During this many new branches from the bottom of the plant develop at the base of the node. Allow that branch to grow and have six to seven leaves. This will be the primary branch of the plant. Then remove the top new buds on primary branch,Then the Primary branch starts giving secondary branches, allow them to grow. Start shaping the plant with wire and create your own style.
When Secondary Branches will have six to seven leaves, cut the top new bud of secondary branch. by doing this the plant will have more branches, it will attain a shape of a mini tree. Here I am giving some diagrams to give a clear idea of cutting branches and development of a plant. 

 In this small video clip peepal tree shaping was shown. Here Peepal tree is growing straight and tall. It is also already developing  a new branch at the base, so to allow the base primary branch a cut has made with concave cutters in the middle portion of the branch, before cutting choose the height of the plant and make a cut. and allowing the base branch to grow stronger and wishing more branches at the base, so the plant will become bushy with more leaves.

This movie is about cutting and shaping of bonsai plant and allowing the down 
branches to grow.

Jul 3, 2018

Banyan Bonsai from cuttings

Almost all Banyan Bonsai trees are grown from cuttings . Branch takes several weeks to some months to produce roots. when the plant is developing new roots and setteled, one can see the change in shoot system also, trunk line start gives new buds, leaves and branches. The Branch start growing. Allow the plant to grow at least for one year in the nursery bag / plastic bag. Then next year you can change it into a bonsai pot with proper training. Proper training means making the branch look like a tree in miniature form by cutting, pruning, wiring.
Here I am showing some plants grown from branches and are going to be as Bonsai trees after several years. These plants are just one or two years old plants.

As Great Grand Bonsai master John Naka Says "The Object of Making Bonsai not to look like a Bonsai, but to make Bonsai look like a tree". Bonsai tree meaning is it is miniature form of a tree growing in nature.
Any plant made from Branch cuttings it takes several years to look like a bonsai tree. 

This is little matured Banyan tree of 25 years. Any time a single mature Banyan Tree will have many trunks and support roots which gives the appearance of a many trees combined together or forest look of many trees. Banyan is a tropical plant and can be made into a Bonsai from branches. It is a Bonsai lovers Dream plant.

Jun 23, 2018

Making Bonsai Soil

Bonsai Soil Making
        The main ingredients for the development of the plant or any  living being is earth , air , water, sunlight and the open space  that is sky. On earth different varieties of soils are available. Clay soil is the one which is just like clay material, if you fold your hand with soil in it, it will become like a ball. Another is the red soil and other is the sand and some soils are the mixtures of this. The Bonsai plant grows in a small shallow container, with very less soil in it, so we have to provide the plant with necessary ingredients for its healthy growth.
        So the main and important medium for growth of the Bonsai plants is the Bonsai soil. It is a specially prepared soil which contains soil, manure for nutrients, conditioners and moisturizers. The required percentage of Ingredients of the soil differs from species to species.

        The porosity and water retention property of the soil depends on the type of the soil we are using. The plants growing in rain forests are having different root system due to their nature of the soil they are growing. Depending on the place they are living plants adapted to that environment, so we will see lot of variation of plants in tropical temperate regions.

          The study of plant species and its origin is more important when you are preparing the soil per that particular plant. The basic Bonsai soil is of two types, Bottom soil and the top soil. Bottom soil contains equal size of brick pieces.

Bottom soil: Take the brick pieces and pass it through a sieve which is having holes of 2 for 2.5 centimeters. Take the down the sieved portion and again sieve it through a sieve contains 4 holes for 2.5centimeters.The top brick pieces reaming in the sieve is the bottom bonsai soil. The brick pieces have the nature of holding the water for more time. They hold water and take air from the drainage holes and in turn they act as air conditioners in keeping the root system cooool. 

Bonsai soil: Bonsai soil is the main medium to keep the plant.
for making Bonsai soil we need 

Garden soil, Brick pieces, Manure, Vrmiculate, Perlite, Cocopeat
                 This is Garden soil.
Now take, sieved down   portion of brick pieces and again sieve through a fine holed sieve and throw out the down portion of fine brick power. The top small brick pieces will be used in making Bonsai soil. Now this is the time to sieve the garden soil in the same manner and keep it a side.
 Small Brick Pieces Sieved through one more sieve 


Take Per-lite and cocopeat

Take completely dried, powered organic manure of one portion and one portion of sieved gardensoil.

Mix them completely by adding half or one fourth of sieved small brick pieces depending on the plant for which you are making Bonsai soil. Then add one third of cocopeat and perlite /vermiculite.

Mix all the ingredients and keep the soil in hot sun for a week or ten days. Other wise you can sterilize the soil and cool it for two days. This is the Bonsai soil for the Bonsai plants.